Dental Options: 4 Different Types of Dental Implants
Missing a tooth or two can seriously affect one’s self-esteem. However, advances in dental technology have made it possible for one to obtain beautiful, natural-looking implants. As a permanent natural-looking tooth replacement remedy, having a set of dental implants is increasingly becoming the preferred dental implants solution for most people. There are two main types of dental implants: endosteal and subperiosteal implants.
1. Endosteal Implants
These are the most common type of implants. They are placed in the jawbone and are typically made of titanium. They feature two surgeries. The first one involves placing a titanium screw that acts as the root of the tooth and is attached to the jawbone. The second surgery involves placing the porcelain crown, which is made to look like those of your other normal teeth. They are very ideal for individual tooth replacement.
Endosteal implants are the most durable permanent implants you can get in the market today. They can last up to a lifetime if they are well taken care of and properly preserved. When properly fixed and taken care of, you might even forget that you have them. They look so natural that no one will notice they are artificial.
2. Subperiosteal Implants
These consist of a metal frame affixed to a patient’s gum just above the jawbone. Once this is fitted, the crowns are then attached to the frame that protrudes from the gums as is done in endosteal implants. These are mainly used on people who have lost a couple of teeth. They are also very durable and are highly recommended to people who do not have a healthy jawbone that is strong enough to withstand endosteal implants.
If your jawbone is unable to support dental implants, there are a number of techniques that can be applied to restore your natural jawline and rebuild your bone to give you a solid foundation. These techniques include bone augmentation, which has to do with the restoration and regeneration of your jaw with a view to making your jawbone strong enough to support the implants. The other involves performing a sinus lift, also known as sinus augmentation, or sinus elevation, where a bone is added below the sinus in case of bone deterioration.
Another technique commonly performed to prepare for implants is called ridge expansion. If you have a narrow jaw that cannot support dental implants, the small ridge or space along your jaw’s upper part can be filled with bone graft material to make it stronger.
3. Removable Dentures Supported by Implants
Normal dentures are usually supported by the gums. There are, however, dentures in the market today that are supported by implants. These are more secure and are ideally better compared to normal dentures. They are mostly used on the lower jaw since the upper jaw is usually secured with normal dentures. A minimum of two implants is used on the dentures. Since they are removable, they can be removed and cleaned every night. There are some other removable dentures that are supported by implants, which are more permanent in that only your dentist can remove and clean them during scheduled appointments.
4. Hybrid Fixed Dentures with Implants
Hybrid fixed dentures with implants are not just supported by implants. They are fixed directly on top of your dental implants. Although they are not permanently affixed, they can only be removed and cleaned by your dentist during scheduled appointments. Many people prefer these type of dentures since they feel more comfortable when speaking or eating. Also, the convenience of not having to remove and clean them, besides their attractive appearance, makes them the closest you can get to full implants!