Vehicular Collision: The 5 Most Common Car Accident Injuries
Automobile accidents can cause a variety of injuries, ranging from bruises and scratches to death. Injuries can be sustained from slamming into a part of the car, being hit by unsecured items, being torn by metal, and getting cut by broken glass. While injuries are typically noticed and felt right away, it’s not uncommon for them to be delayed. This is why a medical evaluation and consultation with a car accident lawyer is recommended, even if there are no obvious injuries.
Here is an overview of some of the most common car accident injuries.
1. Back and Neck Injuries
Injuries such as herniated discs and whiplash are very common. Whiplash is caused due to the neck suddenly stretching and snapping back into place during the collision. The quick deceleration or acceleration is harsh on this area of the body.
There is also the problem of the spine’s rigidity, which causes resistance to the sudden movements immediately before, during, and after the collision. This conflict can be problematic as well.
Additional back and neck injuries that can result from a car accident include strain, cervical fracture, and, in a worst-case scenario, a broken neck.
Spinal cord damage is often the most expensive injury and can lead to years of rehabilitation, if not permanent paralysis.
2. Head and Face Injuries
A head injury can include anything from brain damage to facial fractures. Head injuries can be mild or very serious. It’s always wise to get your head looked at by medical experts, even if no pain or unconsciousness occurs since there could be internal bleeding. Even minor head injuries such as a concussion can take several days to recover from.
Not only can facial injuries lead to loss of teeth, hearing, or sight, they could also cause psychological problems such as low self-esteem. Mild facial injuries include cuts and bruises. More serious ones include a dislocated or fractured jaw and broken bones that will require reconstructive surgery to fix.
3. Chest Injuries
The crushing impact of the wreck can cause injuries to the chest area, especially if the driver or passenger wasn’t wearing a seat belt. The airbag placement in the steering area and dashboard has helped to reduce the severity of chest injuries in many cases. However, injuries and even fractures to the organs still occur. Drivers are more likely to experience internal injuries or broken ribs since their seating position restricts their movement before the chest hits the steering wheel. A high level of force against the seat belt can also lead to bruising.
4. Leg, Knee, and Feet Injuries
Knee and leg injuries are common in car accidents since legs lack room for movement. The lower body can be smashed by a part of the vehicle, resulting in bruises, fractures, a meniscus tear (knee), and so forth. An accident victim could suffer broken legs or feet. The legs can be broken in several different areas, including the femur, fibula, and tibia.
A broken leg and/or foot may require invasive and non-invasive forms of treatment, depending on the severity. In some cases, the break may be immobilized with a brace and cast while the bone heals. In a more serious case, a fixation device will be implanted into the broken bone.
5. Stomach and Pelvic Injuries
The mid-section is vulnerable in car accidents, especially in front and side-impact collisions. Like head injuries, abdominal injuries are sometimes delayed. A lap belt mark on the stomach correlates with small intestine rupture. A swollen stomach after a car accident could mean that a vital organ and blood vessels in the abdominal cavity are injured.
Pelvic injuries such as hip fractures are also common.
Note: While not an “injury” in the physical sense, psychological damage is something that affects many individuals involved in car accidents. Even if the body itself is okay, there still may be a lot of stress and emotional suffering.