What Causes Genetic Diseases: 5 Types of Genetic Disorders
Genetics are an essential part of all of our lives: they dictate who we are, where we came from – and most importantly, they inform how our future health will play out. If you would like to know whether or not you are at risk for a certain disease like cancer and diabetes, the first place you should look is your family history.
With the completion of the Human Genome Project, an international project that gathered the leading experts of human genetics from around the world to research the form and function of DNA, the relation between diseases and genetics has become more evident. LabRoots, a scientific online community driven to bring scientific experts together and share information to the rest of the world, reported the top common genetic diseases that are likely to be passed on.
This report will look into the most common genetic diseases, how to find out whether or not you are at risk, and how to prepare against the onslaught of these symptoms. Here is a list of the most common types of genetic disorders:
1. Cystic Fibrosis Disease
This type of genetic disorder is an autosomal disease that impacts the lungs and digestive system from the secretory glands. This condition can be fatal to children and leads to the patient having difficulty in digesting fats and proteins, brings on more intense sinus infections, can be related to diabetes, and causes the patient to have trouble in receiving all of the vitamins necessary to maintain proper health, leading to malnutrition. This is why it’s particularly dangerous for children.
2. Down Syndrome
Also known as Trisomy 21, down syndrome is a genetic disorder that is caused by the partial or full presence of chromosome 21. This condition has been directly linked with physical and intellectual growth delays.
3. Fragile X Syndrome
This is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the FMR1 gene. This disorder leads to developmental delay and some other cognitive disorders. This condition is often linked to autism and other developmental disorders.
Often caused by a faulty gene along the X chromosome, hemophilia is a rare disorder that impacts the body’s ability to clot blood. This leads to longer periods of bleeding, increased bleeding along the joints, and easy bruising.
5. Huntington Disorder
This type of genetic disease is an autosomal disorder that targets nerve and brain cells, killing them off in the patient. Huntington’s disease is caused by a defect within a single gene.
What causes genetic diseases?
According to the findings outlined in the National Center for Biotechnology Information’s (NCBI) Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature/Nurture Debate, researchers cited that both environmental and genetic factors are equally important in determining how diseases form. Once the connection between hereditary conditions and diseases is established, the next step for geneticists is to determine how to prevent these genetic diseases.
If your grandfather suffers from dementia, it is definitely worth looking into early preventing and treatment options for mental disorders by consulting your doctor. Similarly, if diabetes is a condition that runs in your family, you should find it useful to adapt your diet to prevent a high sugar content in your diet.
It’s important to note that genes alone will not give you a clear enough view of how your health will play out and is not the only factor that will affect your health. Environment, diet, stress, and overall healthy or unhealthy tendencies will certainly have the most direct impact on your overall well-being.
This means that if someone in your family suffers from one of these conditions, you would be well-advised to do more research on the topic so that you can work to prevent or minimize the condition.
How to cure genetic disorders?
The first step in diagnosing your risk to any one of these disorders is to consult with your family doctor and describe your family history with a certain disorder and discuss health monitoring options. Your doctor should be able to regularly schedule appointments to check for the disease and assess whether or not there are any early signs of these conditions.
In the meantime, it is strongly recommended that you maintain a healthy lifestyle with a decent diet, regular exercise, and avoiding toxic substances like alcohol and tobacco. The stronger your overall health is, the more robust your immune system will be to work against these conditions if they do arise.
All in all, it is essential to have an understanding of your genetic history and the history of your family’s health. It can paint a very vivid picture of what you can expect in your future and can better prepare you for a longer, healthier life if you find yourself at risk for any of these diseases.